Today developers are running the world. Each field is covered by them from Manufacturing to Banking; nothing remained untouched from the coders. These coders are the one who refine the application from its origin point to end point leaving a mark of excellence in designing the application. These coders are known as “full stack developers”
The concept of full stack development refers to the methods of development of both front end and back end portion of an Application. The process includes its three layers of development like:
Presentation layer– Appearance of entire part of the application which deals with the user interface.
Business Logic Layer– It deals with back end part that deals with data validation part. &
Database layer – It takes care of all the steps from the conception of an idea to the actual finished product.
Essential steps to follow becoming a FULL STACK DEVELOPERS
HTML/CSS is the base of the building as every single programme, whether online or in-person, that is teaching you how to be a web developer will start with this base itself because they are the building blocks of the web. HTML allows you to add content to a website and CSS allows you to style your content
2. JAVA SCRIPT:
Below are some topics you need to understand as a Full-Stack Developer:
Understand how to work with the DOM. Also know what JSON is and how to manipulate it.
Important language features such as functional composition prototypal inheritance, closures, event delegation, scope, higher-order functions.
Asynchronous control flows, promises and call backs.
Learn how to properly structure your code and modularize parts of it, things like webpack, browserify, or build tools like gulp will definitely be helpful to know.
Some knowledge on testing, frameworks and why they’re important.
Learn about some important new ES6 features
3. BACK- END LANGUAGE:
Once going through the first two steps then comes the back- end language that will handle things like database operations, user authentication, and application logic. All online programs and boot camps usually focus on a specific back-end language, and in reality it doesn’t matter which one you learn so much as long as you understand what is going on and you learn the nuances of your chosen language. There are multiple combinations to go with which back end language to opt for learning purpose. The best answer for this question is to stick to the particular type and learn as much you can to get the excellence on it.
4.Databases & Web Storage:
In the course of learning to build web applications, at some point a need will arise to store data somewhere and then access it later.
One should have good knowledge over the following below points:
☑ Understand the benefits of releational data
☑ Learn about NoSQL databases, e.g. MongoDB.
☑ Understand which would be better in certain situations.
☑ Know how to connect a database with your chosen back-end language
☑ Understand the benefits of in-memory data stores like Redis or memcached.
☑ Web Storage to store sessions, cookies, and cached data in the browser.
5. HTTP & REST:
Some important topics you should learn about are listed below:
☑ What is Rest and why is it important in regards to the http protocol and web applications
☑ Best practices for designing a rest ful API. POST / GET requests .
☑ Learning how to use Chrome Dev Tools can be extremely helpful.
☑ What are SSL Certificates.
☑ HTTP/2& SPDY (optional).
☑ WebSockets, Web Workers, and Service Workers.
6. Web Application Architecture
There are best practices that you can read about online on, but the best way to actually learn about application architecture is by working on a large application yourself that contains several moving parts — or even better, working on a team and together developing a somewhat large/complex application.
Below are some things you can read that will help you learn how to architect your web applications efficiently:
☑ Learn about common platforms as a service, e.g. Heroku and AWS. Heroku allows you to easily upload your code and have an application up and running with very little configuration or server maintenance and AWS offers dozens of products and services to help with storage, video processing, load balancing, and much more.
☑ Performance optimization for applications and modern browsers.
☑ Some opinions on what a web application architecture should include.
☑ Designing Web Applications by Microsoft.
☑ MVC,Most importantly though you should try to work on projects with people, look at codebases of popular projects on GitHub, and learn as much as you can from senior developers.
Git is a version control system that allows developers working on a team to keep track of all the changes being made to a codebase. It’s important to know a few important things related to Git so that you understand how to properly get the latest code that you’ve missed, update parts of the code, make fixes, and change other people’s code without breaking things. You should definitely learn the concept behind Git and play around with it yourself.
8. Basic Algorithms & Data Structures
This topic is somewhat polarizing in the development world because there are developers who don’t think there should be such a heavy focus on computer science topics like tree traversal, sorting, algorithm analysis, matrix manipulation, etc. in web development.
While there are companies that practically require applicants to have a computer science degree or equivalent, there are plenty of companies that will hire people without this technical qualification if they can prove that they know how to develop applications and show an understanding of the whole domain. But part of being a competent developer and not writing inefficient code or using the wrong tools is an understanding of some basic algorithms and data structures and being able to analyze trade-offs.
So here are some things you should definitely learn:
☑ Improving your Algorithms & data Structure Skills Article
☑ Understand how trees and graphs can be useful as data structures.
☑ Understand the basics of Big –O analysis so you don’t do silly things like create a nested loop 3 levels down if you don’t need to!
☑ Know when to use an object vs an array and understand the trade-offs.
☑ Learn why caching is so important when working with a large amount of data. Also learn the pros and cons of in-memory vs disk storage
☑ Learn the difference between queues and stacks.
These steps can help you becoming a “ full stack developer” and prove that its fun learning the concept.